4A Games on 'Metro Exodus' creative direction, studio evolution, and balancing ambition

'Metro Exodus' executive producer, Jon Bloch, explains why developers have to eventually 'abandon games.'

4A Games has been honing its craft for a long time. In a bygone era of the mid-aughts that we mostly remember through squinted eyes, great survival horror games were hard to come by. Many of us enjoyed surrealist horror like Silent Hill or zombie survival in Resident Evil, but true survival horror was rare. When S.T.A.L.K.E.R hit the scene in 2007, the stage was set for games like Dead Island, Dying Light, and 4A’s banner series: Metro.

Metro 2033 was released in 2010 after a four-year development cycle that took the S.T.A.L.K.E.R. bones, pared it down, and built something entirely different with Metro 2033 author, Dmitry Glukhovsky. 4A’s Metro lineage has found its third installment in Metro Exodus, the studio’s first foray into an open-world survival game that shakes up the series in a number of interesting ways.

GameDaily sat down with Jon Bloch, executive producer on Metro Exodus, to talk about how 4A has evolved, why they decided to design an open-world instead of the tried-and-true Metro linear narrative, and why developers abandon games.

Defining a new direction for any series, especially one that is as established and beloved in their community as Metro has been, is daunting. For years, the Metro series has been a linear experience — point to point, story beat to story beat, with little room for additional exploration. Metro has always been focused and merciless in its execution. But with the potentially crushing prospect of going open-world, that precision could be lost in a muddled apocalypse. The team spent five years developing Metro Exodus, because they needed the time to define what open-world was for their game.

“We wanted to spend that time because we wanted to do something different,” Bloch began. “Now that we have these big open spaces, it's like a new thing to the franchise. It took a long time to develop that formula that made sense for Metro, because we didn't want to go fully open world. We wanted this to still feel like Metro, so we spent a lot of time and energy trying, iterating, like ‘What does this mean to bring larger open areas to this franchise?’ because everything before have been these really tight, crafted linear story-driven experiences.”

Both Metro 2033 and Metro Last Light were spent in close urban quarters, entirely unlike the wide-open spaces to explore in Metro Exodus, which I had the opportunity to go hands-on with during E3 2018. The mark of a great open-world game, regardless of its size, is making it manageable for the player. Assassin’s Creed Origin did an excellent job of making Egypt feel bite-sized and full at the same time, unlike Ghost Recon: Wildlands, which dropped you into fictional Bolivia and said “good luck” without much in the way of guidance.

At first glance, Metro Exodus seems like it should be overwhelming and huge. But through clever level design and mob placement, players are pleasantly corralled where they need to be without getting too lost in the sticks. Part of the reason why it’s taken 4A this long to put out the next Metro game is that attention to detail and ensuring the players still enjoy a tightly woven narrative experience, rather than meandering through the mutant-infested Russian wilderness.

Source: Deep Silver
Source: Deep Silver

“That took a lot of time. There was a lot of back and forth. There was a lot of iteration, a lot of, ‘Oh, we went a little too far in this direction, let's bring it back. Oh! Now it's not the kind of stuff we really wanted to do, kind of getting rid of it too much’,” Bloch continued. “It took like two, two and a half years to finally settle on, ‘Okay, we think we have an idea of what we want to do, and let's now start kind of fresh and build that,’ and it's still evolved since then. Even three years ago, there was a concept of this, it's still evolved from there, but that was the first time where we were like, ‘We can actually do this. I think we found the way we can pull this off.’”

Metro Exodus’ departure from the linear wasn’t a decision that 4A took lightly, either. Yes, it’s allowed them to stretch themselves both creatively and technically, but this direction is what the Metro fans have been asking from the Ukrainian developers for a while now.

“Fans wanted this from us,” Bloch noted adamantly. “We wanted to go back to doing something that we did before because we've gone down this linear path for so long now. We're like, ‘This is the third game. Maybe it's time to do something not different for the sake of being different, but where do we want to take this? Where do we want to go with this? What's the journey of this franchise for us?’ It seemed like doing the third game in the same way as we did it before was just not gonna be as interesting for us and for our fans.

“We didn't want to stray too far from what we've established already. We wanted to stay true to it, but I think we wanted to do something new and exciting, and we want our fans to come away satisfied and wanting more. We want new people to see this and be really interested in it and come away like, ‘I need to now go back and play the other two, if I haven't already.’”

As Rami Ismail, co-founder of indie studio Vlambeer and indie game advocate, has said: You can run out of knowledge, money, and motivation for game development at any point. Motivation is intrinsic — teams are motivated by autonomy (the ability to be the expert and make their decisions with confidence) and creativity, in particular. If the third installment in the Metro series didn’t do something different, the team would run out of motivation and both the game and the audience would suffer for it.

“We wanted to flex our muscles from all different directions,” Bloch asserted. “Artists wanted to do something new, since everything has been bleak, snowy, wintery metropolis of Moscow this whole time. Designers wanted to do something new. Programmers wanted to do something more, pushing the boundaries of what our engine could do. It's our own tech. It's our own engine. Being at the forefront of tech in the industry, as far as what engines are capable of, is something that we've always tried to strive for.”

The hands-on demo at E3 was blisteringly beautiful — taking the series above-ground to best demonstrate the power of their proprietary engine, 4A Engine, was a smart technical decision, even though it was a creative choice, more than anything.

Source: Deep Silver
Source: Deep Silver

“We're not trying to get people blowing up video cards,” Bloch said, grinning. “We've always, in the past, used a benchmarking tool... I wouldn't go so far as to say ‘industry standard benchmarking tool’, but it's pretty widely used. We're pretty proud of it, of what our engine can do, and we like to try to make sure that it's just as, if not more than, capable than other engines out there. From a tech standpoint, our studio is pretty fiercely competitive on that front.”

“Fans wanted this from us,” Bloch noted adamantly. 

As Metro Exodus started to take shape and real form beyond what blue sky ideas 4A had been playing with at the beginning of the project, the culture at the studio has shifted, too. They’re no longer all based out of Kiev, Ukraine. 4A has a satellite studio in Malta, as well. They do their standup meetings digitally, as well as in person. And the main studio in Kiev has doubled in size since Metro 2033 went into development.

“We have a very good spread of the world coming in to help us with this experience and build this together,” Bloch said. “That's certainly had a bit of a cultural change in the studio. I mean, now there [are] people working in the studio that don't speak Russian. Process-wise, we've had to adapt a little bit internally, so that we can all work together effectively and efficiently. Also, having two locations, we've had to find ways to make sure that location divide doesn't feel like a location divide.

“When 2033 started, it was even smaller because it was a startup company at that point, basically. A lot of the other team members that had come over from the S.T.A.L.K.E.R. team were still finishing other things with S.T.A.L.K.E.R. before they joined. The team was really small at the start, just like any other studio and then grew from there.”

At some point in any creative process, there needs to be an end — the part where the minimum viable product is no longer minimal, it’s fully realized in its own right. Sometimes, the end comes when the money runs out or the schedule runs too tight to do everything you wanted to do. And as we move into a games-as-a-service world, that doesn’t leave a lot of room for games like Metro Exodus, which is decidedly single-player and narrative-driven.

“You don't finish games, you abandon them,” Bloch remarked. “It's like art. You don't finish art. You just abandon it. At one point, you just have to put the pencils down, but you're sitting there like, ‘Oh, but I want to do all these other things.’

“It's all that triangle stuff you need: the schedule, the budget, and all those things come together. One of those eventually becomes a wall, and you have to put your pencils down,” he continued. “You have to [have the mentality of], ‘Okay, let's close off all this ambition that we have, and we put that on the list for the next one.’ I think to some extent, especially for creative types, when you have this unending passion for doing this, there's always more that you want to do.

“Sometimes it doesn't work out that way, and you just have to reel in your expectations of what you're going to have time to do at the end of the day. Also, if you go too crazy, then maybe you won't have the time to polish it at the end of the day. So, it's the balance between wanting that blue sky and also wanting to make something highly polished and really good quality.”

Source: Deep Silver
Source: Deep Silver

Loading times aside, which we were warned about at the beginning of the demo, Metro Exodus is already highly polished and of excellent quality. It marries the stark aesthetic that fans have come to expect from the Metro series with a lush open world that’s full of bright lights, empty corridors, and cloying darkness. It’s still terrifying in places, with tense moments waiting to burst forth and devour the player when they think they’re safe. It’s immersive and that’s what 4A is really going for.

“We always try to make experiences that people can really immerse themselves in and lose themselves in, and that permeates through our gameplay design, visual design, and the lack of HUD [which] makes it so that when you sit down, your TV or your monitor is like a window into this world,” Bloch described.

“You're able to slip through it, into the shoes of Artyom and be there. I think that just like in the previous two games, that's the goal again, and it's to excite people and make them feel like they're there and make them feel like they are able to be Artyom and to shape who he is as a person through their own actions and choices while they're playing the game and come away with having felt like they as a player were actually there experiencing everything first-hand.”

Managing Editor

Amanda has been meandering around the game journosphere since 2010, mostly covering indie games, culture, and industry news. These days, she talks about the business of making games through a critical cultural lens. She adores RPGs, weird narrative indie games, and strategy games that take forever to learn. Amanda is also the managing editor of SuperParent. You can find her on Twitter as @AmandaFarough or you can email her at amanda.farough@gamedaily.biz.